Objects in Javascript

Javascript does not use a standard class model. It uses objects that are like associative array structures of data, or so I have read. Regardless of how it works, you can make a class-ish type construct in Javascript.

I’ll try to go over the basics here to help anyone who is interested.

Objects are defined by creating a new function. Inside the function you can define variables and methods that are attached to the primary function. The primary function is really like the constructor for the object as well.

For example:

function ObjectExample(constructorParameter1, constructorParameter2)
{
    //define a variable and assign a constructor value to it
    this.variable1 = constructorParameter1;
    this.variable2 = constructorParameter2;

    //you can also define variables with var, but they act differently
    var variable3 = this; //assigns an instance pointer to a "constructor" variable

    //defines a function that is attached to the object
    //this function has one parameter
    //pretend that this.variable1 is a reference to a div element
    this.statusIndicator = function(statusText)
    {
        //make sure an element reference was returned before trying to set properties
        if(this.variable1 != null)
        {
            document.getElementById(this.variable1).innerHTML = statusText;
        }
    }

    //you can also have a function with zero parameters
    this.aBoringFunction = function()
    {
        alert('YO!');
    }

    //you can call an instance function from inside the "constructor" (aka. primary function)
   this.aBoringFunction(); //every time an instance is created we will get a pop-up
}

To use the object we just defined we would do something like this:

//create a new instance
var newObjectInstance = ObjectExample('7', divReference);

//execute a object function
newObjectInstance.statusIndicator('Hello...');

That’s about it, let me know if I missed something, or there was an error. I typed the code out rather then copying something I know works for readability reasons.

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